Physical - Geographical Data

Macro-geographically, the administrative territory of Cehu Silvaniei Town is situated in the northern part of "Platform Sălăjană" that by its position and genesis, belong to western peri-carphatian hills. 
Sălăjan platform is the lowest (150 - 300 m medium altitude) and with the most reduced relief energy (between 60-100 m) of all subunits of Someşan Plane. The hills are mild mostly deforested, cultivated, being crossed by some important valleys (Barcău, Crasna, Sălaj).

Micro- geographically, the administrative territory of Cehu Silvaniei Town is located in the upper basin of Sălaj Valley and is characterized by:
- medium lower altitudes (around 250 m): minimum altitude of 175 m is located in the Sălaj Valley meadow, and the maximum altitude of 356 m in Măgura Morii from the south-east part of the town;
- mild, flat or easily curled crests, with general orientation west-east, given by the hydrographic network;
- Slopes, generally extended, with declivity that varies between 5 and 20 degrees;
- dominant geological formations are marls and clays (friable);
- Sălaj Valley, with a south-north flow direction, has created a large, marshy meadow, with an extension of up to 500-600 m (use is of hay-field);
- Fine affluents of Sălaj Valley have generated, at their crossing through friable formations, small depression basins favourable to cantoning bedstones establishments (as in case of Cehu Silvaniei localities Ulciug, Nadiş şi Horoatu Cehului),
Hydrographically, the area in which is located the town of Cehu Silvaniei, together with the belonging villages, is part of the hydrographic basin of the Someş river, namely the basin of Sălaj valley (Someş river first degree affluent)
The most important valleys that converge with the Sălaj brook are Feredăului, Fagului, Hordăului, Râurilor, and Valea Horoatului converges with Someş downstream Benesat locality.
The town is crossed by Horaţiu brook that flows in Sălaj brook.
By its position in territory, the town of Cehu Silvaniei and its component localities are subject to western climate influence. Therefore, the climate of the perimeter is part of the area with moderate continental climate, characteristic to north-west areas of the country, being predominantly submitted to a western circulation. As a result, during winter, invasions of maritime type are predominant - polar from north - west, and in summer the warm air from south - west.
Local conformation of the topography of Cehu Silvaniei precincts, with high hills in north and the axe of the valley east-west oriented, determine the shelter phenomenon and a drainage of streams on the axle of Horaţiu Valley east-west direction, streams that are encountered only in the south part, south-east of the precincts.
The presence of this mild climate, of shelter, has favoured fruit farming and silviculture in Cehu Silvaniei.
All the component localities, except Motiş, are cantoned in small depression basins that confer them a shelter microclimate.
The main determinants of the climate in the administrative territory of Cehu Silvaniei town are the following:
- General thermal condition - annual average temperature is comprised between -8 and +9 Celsius degrees
- Average rain falls - around 700-800 mm
- dominant winds: - from west, north-west